To understand blood sugar problems or blood sugar level chart, we need to review what a hormone is. Hormones are proteins released from parts of the body called glands. They help send messages from one place in the body to parts that are farther away.
Insulin is the hormone to stores the energy we get from the food we eat. Insulin is made in your pancreas, a small organ located just below your stomach. Insulin levels go up in response to the different types of sugar eaten in your diet.
More about diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose or blood sugar levels are too high. Glucose comes from the food you eat, and insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy.
With type one diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood.
Symptoms of diabetes
One in three people with type 2 diabetes do not know if they have it, and most do experience that early warning signs, but they don’t understand or realize what those symptoms are.
Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes can profoundly impact your long-term health. Just a three-year delay in diagnosis can increase your relative risk of heart disease by 29%. The signs or symptoms of high blood sugar are typically the same for both children and adults.
Patients with type 1 diabetes usually develop symptoms over a sudden short period, and the condition is often diagnosed in an emergency setting. Type two diabetes, on the other hand, progresses quite slowly. Symptoms come on gradually, which is why they are is often missed. So, some do not even experience any early symptoms at all. Some of the symptoms are as follows:
- Excessive urination. Most people urinate 4 to 7 times in 24 hour period, so if you are going much more than that, it could be a red flag.
- Excessive thirst, even at night, is a classic early sign of diabetes. Drinking constantly throughout the day and even overnight could be something like four liters or more per day.
- Feeling extremely hungry even after just eating a meal is a symptom of diabetes. This happens because people with diabetes have lost much of their ability to self-regulate blood sugar, which leads to significant fluctuation in blood sugar levels. When these levels plummet, the brain thinks it’s starving and craves more sugar and more calories.
- Rapid or unintentional weight loss. It can be anywhere between 5 to 10 kilos in a matter of a week or a month.
Problems with diabetes
Over time having too much glucose in your body can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke, and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can also get diabities called gestatinal diabities.
A blood test can show if you have diabetes.
Exercising, controlling weight, and sticking to your meal plan can help control diabetes. It is also advised to monitor your glucose level and take medicine if prescribed.